Requirements-Binding Realms

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Binding Realms provide "bounded areas of interoperability" in which a concepts can be expected to be communicated with a common set of codes. They exist because of the recognition that there can be variations in terminologies required across geographies, cultures, types of patient (human vs. veterinary; pediatric vs. geriatric) and even type of medicine.

MIF Reference: mif-model-vocabulary.xsd/BindingRealm

Requirement Each binding realm must have a unique name
Rationale The binding realm must be able to be precisely referenced when creating context bindings. It also needs to be referenced within instances or profiles to declare what "context" applies for that instance.
MIF mif-model-vocabulary.xsd/BindingRealm/@name
OMG Mapping Add stereotype bounded to capture information and use relationships to identify bounded elements


Requirement Each binding realm must have a description
Rationale In order to know what binding realm to use when referencing a particular context, you need to know what that context is
MIF mif-model-vocabulary.xsd/BindingRealm/description
OMG Mapping Use UML Comment


Requirement Each binding realm must have a responsible affiliate
Rationale Because realm bindings are so essential to interoperability, the ability to construct new ones is limited to HL7.org and to HL7 affiliates. That prevents the proliferation of new "contexts" by any organization that doesn't want to follow the vocabularies chosen at a higher level.
MIF mif-model-vocabulary.xsd/BindingRealm/@owningAffiliate
OMG Mapping Add stereotype affiliate for packages to capture information/contexts


Requirement The set of binding realms must be tightly constrained
Rationale Binding realms are a key part of interoperability. If you don't know the binding realm, you don't know what terminologies are allowed. In addition, names must be maintained unique within a single universal namespace. Therefore there needs to be a consistent source for what binding realms exist and may be used
Methodology HL7.org maintains the sole list of binding realms that may be used. Affiliates are allowed to create binding realms beneath their own HL7-assigned binding realm, but these "sub-binding realms" must be registered with HL7.org
OMG Mapping Use OCL
OMG Mapping May require some tool support for usability


Requirement Binding realms need to be able to track statuses over time.
Rationale Like other vocabulary objects, Binding realms can be draft, active, deprecated or even retired. In some cases, they even get resurrected. Users need to know what the status of a binding realm is right now as well as what it was at times in the past.
MIF mif-vocabulary-model.xsd/BindingRealm/statusInfo
OMG Mapping Create a profile stereotype with date, author, etc.