Ecoterm:Construction

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  • Data model influences design of
    • data publication formats
    • programmatic interfaces
  • Data model also determines management and maintenance strategies and procedures
  • Data model often implicit in a standard, not formally specified …
    • E.g. BS 8723, ANSI Z39.19
  • Some ‘standards’ to consider …
    • ANSI Z39.19, BS 8723
      • "Traditional thesaurus" ...
      • model described in prose by BS 8723, ANSI Z39.19
      • Only terms reified, concepts implicit
    • SKOS Core
      • Explicitly concept-oriented data model
      • Specified formally using RDFS/OWL
    • OWL
      • Class/instance-oriented model (“ontologies”)
      • Formally specified via model-theoretic semantics
    • TMF - Terminology Markup Framework ISO 16642 (ISO TC 37)
      • Concept-oriented
      • Specified using UML
      • Really a framework for designing XML formats
    • ISO Topic Maps
      • Topics, Associations, Occurrences, Roles...

Comments:

  • ANSI Z39.19, BS 8723, SKOS Core, TMF broadly aligned …
  • (I.e. T-O vs. C-O not necessarily at odds)
    • however N.B. choice of T-O vs. C-O model as foundation has implications for management/maintenance and URI use.
  • Relationship to ontologies (OWL) … ?
  • Topic maps … ?